STADE DE FRANCE, Paris -- England are being taught "painful lessons" as they continue to struggle at the breakdown, and Eddie Jones believes it will take time for his side to change habits in an area that causes him concern.
France won the battle of the breakdown with indiscipline also hampering England as they fell to a 22-16 defeat at the Stade de France. And as Ireland welcomed the championship title back over the Irish Sea, Jones was left looking for answers to why Jaco Peyper -- as Nigel Owens did in Edinburgh -- frequently found fault with his side's approach to the ruck.
"We did not learn quick enough," Jones said. "Why I am not 100 percent sure. There's no lack of effort.
"The game is changing a little bit. We are probably slow to adapt to it. As you could see at the end of the game when we had a bit of power on the field and got the ball going forward, our attack looked better.
"We are not adapting to the referee's interpretation at the ruck as well as we should. We just have to keep learning in those areas. They are painful lessons at the moment."
Jones added: "It is going to take us some time [to fix the issues]. It won't come quickly."
While the breakdown continues to be a work in progress, they need to address their indiscipline with some urgency. England conceded 16 penalties against France as they fell to their second defeat in as many Tests.
This is now uncharted territory for Jones' side, given they had lost just one Test during his tenure heading into this championship. But back-to-back defeats against Scotland and France have left Jones calling on his side to learn from their pair of losses.
But there is no sense of panic within the England ranks, just a re-emphasis on improving ahead of their final championship match against Ireland.
"It is just a tough period for us," Jones said. "We are always going to go through this at some stage. Any team that is developing, as we are, you go through these tough periods where the game does not love you.
"If the game loves us today then we might win the game, but we don't get bounce of ball, we don't get that 50/50 decision and we are in the losers' chair and it is not a very happy place. I don't think we should get too carried away or too melodramatic about where we are."