Italy prop Martin Castrogiovanni has been cited for allegedly stamping on Scotland's Duncan Taylor during Saturday's RBS 6 Nations meeting in Rome.
A statement from Six Nations organisers confirmed the 34-year-old will attend a disciplinary hearing in London on Wednesday to answer to a charge of breaching Law 10.4(b) - "a player must not stamp or trample on an opponent" - during Scotland's 36-20 victory at the Stadio Olimpico.
Castrogiovanni, who has made 118 Test appearances for Italy, appeared as a second-half replacement in the Italian capital and later appeared to direct a stamp towards Taylor's foot.
If he is found guilty he could miss the March 12 encounter with Ireland in Dublin. The Azzurri remain winless in this year's tournament but a first victory would see them climb above fifth-placed Ireland.