Manchester City have been charged in relation to the Football Association's rules on anti-doping, the FA said in a statement.
Clubs are required to provide accurate details of training sessions and player whereabouts so they are available for testing at all times.
An FA statement read: "Manchester City have been charged in relation to the FA's rules on anti-doping. It is alleged that the club failed to ensure that their 'club whereabouts' information was accurate, contrary to Regulation 14(d)."
A source has told ESPN FC that a charge is brought if the FA allege it has not been kept up to date on the club's whereabouts on three occasions.
City have until 19 January to respond to the charge and are likely to be give a fine if they are found guilty, a separate source told ESPN FC.
The matter concerns a breach of FA rules only and is not under the jurisdiction of the World Anti-Doping Agency, which has no provision for team violations in its code, or UK Anti-Doping.
The FA's Rule 14 states: "a) All Clubs must furnish The FA upon request with any whereabouts information The FA requires from time to time in respect of any Players who are not IRTP Players [International Registered Testing Pool] or NRTP Players [National Registered Testing Pool]. That information shall include as a minimum: (i) training dates; (ii) start and finish times of training; (iii) the address at which such training will take place; and (iv) the home address for a Player and any other address at which a Player regularly resides overnight.
"(b) The FA (whether through the Anti-Doping Unit or otherwise) may issue directions from time to time about: (i) the type of whereabouts information to be submitted by Clubs; and/or (ii) the manner and time frame in which such whereabouts information must be submitted.
"(c) It shall be a breach of this Regulation 14 for a Club to fail to provide regular details of the times, dates and venues of the Club's training sessions in the manner directed by The FA. 258 ANTI-DOPING 2016-2017.
"(d) It shall also be a breach of this Regulation 14 by the Club if the information contained in such reports is either initially inaccurate or has not been updated by the Club as necessary to ensure it remains accurate."
Information from the Press Association was used in this report.